Context

The Town stops (T stops) on the black line explore the historical and contemporary context of each of the Five Tribes in-detail. They are named for the capitals of the Five Tribes: Okmulgee, Tahlequah, Tishimingo, Tuskahoma, and Wewoka. In 2021, the Collective will cover T Stops through Freedmen on Facebook Live.

T1

Okmulgee

T2

Tahlequah

T3

Tishimingo

The Chickasaw Freedmen are one of the more interesting groups of slaves and ex-slaves within the freedmen group. It is this group of individuals who never realized the acceptance by the former slave owners as the other four freedmen groups received. From the time of emancipation (1866) until Oklahoma receiving statehood, the Chickasaw Freedmen were not considered to be citizens of either the United States nor the Chickasaw Nation.

T4

Tuskahoma

Brought to Indian Territory in the 1830's Black Choctaws arrived with the Choctaw Indians as slaves. Prior to removal the Choctaws had been exposed to Africans in their native homeland of Mississippi. Slaves were a part of the European culture to which the Choctaws would later adapt. Slavery would be one of the institutions the nation would adopt. Chief Moshulatubbee had slaves as did many of the Europeans who married into the nation, with the Folsoms and LeFlores among the larger slave owners.

T5

Wewoka